Mangulam, located at 25 Km from Madurai town, is a well known site for the presence of early Jain Caves and Rock beds in the hillock called Ovamalai. Systematic excavation was conducted at the potential sites of this village during the year 2006-2007.


Potteries of Black and Red ware sherds, coarse red ware sherds, pieces of quartz stones, small sling stones and a copper coin (datable to 13-14th Century CE) were collected from the trench laid near Meenakshipuram. Excavation on the terrace of Jain caves exposed the flooring of a rectangular chamber and brick wall, made of 11 courses of bricks. The size of the bricks is 35 x 18 x 6 cm and clay mortor has been used as binding material.


Excavation has also exposed a small structure in pedestal form which may be assigned to Sangam period.Present excavation has exposed the presence of two cultural periods viz Early and Medieval historic period.